Steiner and colleagues (1) report three cases of focal neuromuscular dysfunction that developed 3 to 6 months after tattooing, and they hypothesize that the mechanism is related to “an immune-mediated reaction secondary to local inflammatory changes … or toxic effect of the pigment.” They consider that the ipsilateral position of the tattoo and subsequent brachial plexopathy represent causation by the tattoo, but the number in their series is too small to allow confidence of this assertion. In addition, clinicians are more likely to detect an ipsilateral than a contralateral (or remote) tattoo, and this may bias the ...


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