Position Papers17 February 2015
    Author, Article, and Disclosure Information


    This National Institutes of Health (NIH) Pathways to Prevention Workshop was cosponsored by the NIH Office of Disease Prevention (ODP), the NIH Pain Consortium, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. A multidisciplinary working group developed the workshop agenda, and an evidence-based practice center prepared an evidence report through a contract with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to facilitate the workshop discussion. During the 1.5-day workshop, invited experts discussed the body of evidence, and attendees had opportunities to provide comments during open discussion periods. After weighing evidence from the evidence report, expert presentations, and public comments, an unbiased, independent panel prepared a draft report that identified research gaps and future research priorities. The report was posted on the ODP Web site for 2 weeks for public comment. This article is an abridged version of the panel's full report, which is available at https://prevention.nih.gov/programs-events/pathways-to-prevention/workshops/opioids-chronic-pain/workshop-resources#final report.


    • 1. Chou RTurner JADevine EBHansen RNSullivan SDBlazina Iet alThe effectiveness and risks of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain: a systematic review for a National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention workshop. Ann Intern Med2015;162:276-86. doi:10.7326/M14-2559 LinkGoogle Scholar
    • 2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services AdministrationResults from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. NSDUH series H-48. HHS publication no. (SMA) 14-4863. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2014. Google Scholar
    • 3. Warner M, Hedegaard H, Chen LH. NCHS Health E-Stat: Trends in Drug-poisoning Deaths Involving Opioid Analgesics and Heroin: United States, 1999–2012. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2014. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/drug_poisoning/drug_poisoning.htm on 22 December 2014. Google Scholar
    • 4. Gomes TMamdani MMDhalla IACornish SPaterson JMJuurlink DNThe burden of premature opioid-related mortality. Addiction2014;109:1482-8. [PMID: 25041316] doi:10.1111/add.12598 CrossrefMedlineGoogle Scholar